Staunton, August 19 -- The flood of news stories from a country as large, diverse and strange as the Russian Federation often appears to be is far too large for anyone to keep up with. But there needs to be a way to mark those which can’t be discussed in detail but which are too indicative of broader developments to ignore.
Consequently, Windows on Eurasia presents a selection of 13 of these other and typically neglected stories at the end of each week. This is the 45th such compilation. It is only suggestive and far from complete – indeed, once again, one could have put out such a listing every day -- but perhaps one or more of these stories will prove of broader interest.
Putsch? What Putsch? Approximately half of Russians say they don’t remember the August 1991 putsch that accelerated the disintegration of the USSR, either because they were too young – anyone under 35 is unlikely to have memories of it – or because they have not been encouraged to pay attention (newsru.com/russia/15aug2016/coup.htmlgraniru.org/Politics/Russia/activism/m.253872.html). Like its Soviet predecessor, the Putin regime seems to believe in the principle of no person, no problem: there is now pressure to end the use of petitions which after all reflect popular attitudes (club-rf.ru/78/news/42910
Have More Children Even If It makes You Poor, Orthodox Church Tells Russian Women. With only immigration keeping the Russian population from falling (izvestia.ru/news/627869) and with non-Russians filling ever more slots in elite Moscow universities (by24.org/2016/08/14/people_from_caucasus_are_moscow_students_now/), the Moscow Patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church has called on ethnic Russian women to have as many children as possible even if that will drive them into poverty (politsovet.ru/52745-rpc-sovetuet-mnogodetnym-semyam-smiritsya-s-bednostyu.html). But some state agencies haven’t gotten the message: a woman who worked as a Putin troll got pregnant and lost her job. She is now suing to recover it (newizv.ru/society/2016-08-18/245038-beremennaja-sotrudnica-vybroshennaja-s-fabriki-trollej-podala-isk-v-sud.html
4. Medvedev’s Crack Backfires: Russian Teachers Turning to Politics, Not Business. Earlier this month, Dmitry Medvedev told teachers unhappy about their incomes to go into business, but some of them are taking a new direction: they are going into politics to press their demands (ng.ru/economics/2016-08-19/1_teachers.html). Given the power of teachers’ unions elsewhere, this may be an important trend. It may also serve notice on the Russian prime minister to be more careful in his remarks. That seems unlikely: this week he told regional officials that he didn’t want to listen to them complaining about their problems (mk.ru/politics/2016/08/17/prosba-ne-rasskazyvat-o-trudnostyakh-medvedev-vydal-novuyu-gromkuyu-citatu.html).
5. Russian Standard of Living Now Back to 1989 Levels. After rising in the first decade of this century to 15 percent more than at the end of Soviet times, the real standard of living Russians now have has fallen back 15 percent over the last three years and now stands just where it did in 1989, according to Russian economists (ttolk.ru/2016/08/18/уровень-жизни-россиян-вернулся-к-1989-год/). Other bad economic news this week included reports that Russia is permanently losing millions of jobs (ng.ru/economics/2016-08-16/1_job.htmlslon.ru/posts/72059rufabula.com/author/alina-vituhnovskaya/1306), and that ever fewer Russians are applying for passports to travel abroad (kasparov.ru/material.php?id=57B5634A718F6). Of course, this last may have another explanation: Russians may not want to attract attention to their desire to leave Russia today.
6. Kim Jong Il Gets Plaque in Petersburg as Russia’s Statue Wars Continue. Russian officials have erected a plaque in honor of former North Korean dictator Kim Jong Il, someone whose “effective management” style probably pleases current Kremlin leader Vladimir Putin (themoscowtimes.com/news/memorial-plaque-honoring-north-korean-leader-unveiled-in-russias-st-petersburg-54975ruskline.ru/news_rl/2016/08/16/lukavye_somnenya_proch/). Many Russians are upset about the Mannerheim plaque (regnum.ru/news/society/2168300.htmlforum-msk.org/material/news/12119884.html). One piece of positive news on this front: the first tablets marking the last residences of people arrested by Stalin have gone up in Yekaterinburg (sobkorr.ru/news/57AC5C3912BF4.html).
7. German Journalist Says Potholes in Russian Roads Reduce Highway Deaths There. A German journalist has praised one of the things that most Russians condemn: the horrific state of Russian roads. He says that the potholes that mar most of the highways there are good things because they force drivers to go more slowly and thus reduce the number of traffic deaths (vesti.ru/doc.html?id=2787497&cid=520). Meanwhile, Moscow has announced plans to increase the length of toll roads in Russia from 500 kilometers now to 2,000 by 2020. No word on whether these will be pothole free and thus more dangerous, however (1prime.ru/mainnews/20160813/826370075.html).
8. Russian Dress Codes for Officials, Muslims, and Art. Given the heatwave in Russia, many people are coming to work with lighter clothes than usual. That has offended some officials and they have ordered people to avoid wearing anything too revealing (ura.ru/news/1052258628). Meanwhile, other officials have said that they will not tolerate any burkinis, the swimwear favored by traditional Muslim women (kavpolit.com/articles/putevki_vsem_no_nikakih_burkini-27529/), and a Russian court has ordered the use of a Hieronymus Bosch painting as advertising for an art exhibit to be taken down lest it corrupt Russian youth (avmalgin.livejournal.com/6404635.html).
9. Matvienko Wants All Laws Checked for Conformity with Russian National Values. Federation Council head Valentina Matvienko wants to set up a special commission that will ensure that all legislation conforms to Russian national values (nazaccent.ru/content/21576-matvienko-nado-proveryat-zakony-na-sootvetstvie.html). One of those values apparently is not democracy: Two-thirds of Russians say they are prepared to sacrifice that if needed for the struggle with extremism and terrorism (finanz.ru/novosti/aktsii/dve-treti-rossiyan-gotovy-otkazatsya-ot-demokratii-1001353802).
10. For Kremlin, Islamophobia is the Anti-Semitism of Today. According to one Moscow commentator, for the Putin regime, Islamophobia is the anti-Semitism of today, a set of attitudes that both reflects their real feelings and something that they are quite prepared to make use of against others (ej.ru/?a=note&id=30043). Such an instrumental approach to extremist prejudices has some interesting consequences. One includes the possibility of vacating charges of extremism against someone who declares that he is ready to serve in the interior ministry (nazaccent.ru/content/21581-s-zhelavshego-sluzhit-v-tverskom-mvd.html).
11. Yekaterinburg Resident Wants Government to Refund Taxes Used for Crimean Annexation. A man in Yekaterinburg is demanding that the Russian finance ministry return to him the share of his taxes that were used for the Crimean Anschluss, yet another indication of the ways in which Russians are showing their resentment of Putin’s Ukrainian policies (znak.com/2016-08-10/ekaterinburzhec_potreboval_u_minfina_rf_vernut_emu_nalogi_potrachennye_na_krymprimechaniya.ru/home/news/avgust_20161/kerchane_grozyat_perekryvat_dorogi_k_krymskomu_mostu/?from=fb).
12. Stavropol Cossacks Given New Job: Fight Pokemon! The authorities are always looking for things that the Cossacks can do and the Cossacks are typically quite willing to oblige. Now, in Stavropol, the two have come together and decided that the Cossacks there will fight with Pokemon and with the Pokemon craze sweeping across Russia (nazaccent.ru/content/21617-stavropolskie-kazaki-sobralis-borotsya-s-pokemonami.html).
13. For Residents of Kaliningrad, It is Still ‘Koenig.’ Just as residents of Leningrad often referred to it as “Peter” in Soviet times before its historical name was restored, so too residents of Kaliningrad refer to their homeland as “Koenig,” an abbreviation for “Koenigsberg” as Germany’s East Prussia was known before Stalin annexed the territory at the end of World War II (newsland.com/user/4296630353/content/izolirovannaia-chast-rossii/5393144).
And six more from countries near Russia:
1. Drones Said Carrying Contraband from Belarus to Lithuania. Smugglers are going high-tech to get goods across the Belarusian-Lithuanian border: they are now using drones, Lithuanian officials say (charter97.org/ru/news/2016/8/13/218185/).
Infant Mortality Up in Crimea Since Russian Anschluss. Infant mortality is one of the most sensitive measures of how a society deals with its most defenseless. Since Russia occupied Crimea, deaths among newborns have shot up (rosbalt.ru/russia/2016/08/14/1540762.html
Graffiti a Cheap Way to De-Communize. Ukrainians have found a quick and inexpensive way to live up to the de-communization program. Instead of tearing down all statues of Lenin, they are simply drawing Ukrainian-style moustaches on Lenin (aktsent.com.ua/novini/1404-na-sumshchyne-oryhynalno-dekommunyzyrovaly-lenyna.html
6. Baku Bans Mini-Skirts and Speaking Russian in Certain Places. Although the president of Kyrgyzstan recently suggested that it is better for young Muslim women to wear mini-skirts than bombs, the government of Azerbaijan is taking no chances and is banning short dresses in certain institutions (baku.ws/79787-zapret-na-mini-yubki-v-azerbaydzhane.html). Intriguingly, given the warming of relations between Russia and Azerbaijan, the new rector of Baku State University has banned the use of Russian for certain campus functions (baku.ws/79896-novyy-rektor-bsu-zapretila-govorit-v-universitete-na-russkom-yazyke.html).