Friday, April 28, 2017

Would Shift to Latin Script Liberate Ukrainian or Destroy It?



Paul Goble

            Staunton, April 28 – Even though Ukrainian has a stronger historical claim to the Cyrillic alphabet than does Russian and even though it captures Ukrainian sound values quite well, some Ukrainians want to make the shift away from Cyrillic to a Latin script in order to underscore the independence from Moscow and desire to integrate with the West.

            Not surprisingly, many Russians and Russian speakers are horrified, viewing this as yet another Western plot to peel off part of “the Russian world.” Some of them are predicting disasters ahead, including the demise of an independent Ukrainian language if Kyiv were to decide to shift to Latin.

            But trapped in their own historical mythology about Ukrainian being an offshoot of Russian rather than a language that developed in parallel with it, some of these opponents are advancing arguments which lead to exactly the opposite conclusion than the one they want Ukrainians to make.

            Talk about shifting Ukrainian from Cyrillic to the Latin script, of course, has long been a feature of Ukrainian life.  But this year, support for that idea appears to have grown as other post-Soviet states like Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan have made the decision to make this transition.

            In January, Kyiv journalist Stanislav Rechinsky argued for the shift in order to break with Russia and bring Ukraine closer to Europe and the West.  “The further from the Russian Federation we can become, the better,” he said (lenta.ru/news/2017/01/25/perevod/). Now, Na Chasi issued a manifesto calling for that change (nachasi.com/ul/manifest/; for a Russian summary, see newsland.com/community/4489/content/opublikovan-proekt-latinskogo-alfavita-dlia-ukrainskogo-iazyka/5803623).

            The manifesto publishes a proposed alphabet and calls on journalists, writers and others to join the initiative. It argues that such a shift will make it easier for Ukrainians to learn English and Western languages and redirect their attention away from Russia. 

            Reaction from ethnic Russians and Russian speakers has not been long in coming. Most repeat the arguments that others have made against Latinization projects elsewhere in the former Soviet space (windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com/2017/04/bolshevik-arguments-for-shifting.html and windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com/2017/04/latin-script-making-inroads-even-in.html).

            But because Ukrainian has historically developed using the Cyrillic alphabet, Russian arguments against a shift to Latin script have added two points. Both are problematic, and the second is likely to lead Ukrainians to take exactly the opposite action that Moscow and these Russians would like.

            On the one hand, Russian opponents of the introduction of the Latin script for Ukrainian will separate Ukrainian away from Russian, undermine Ukrainian as an independent language, and lead to “the accelerated Russification” of Ukraine (naspravdi.info/novosti/vvedenie-latinicy-na-ukraine-obernetsya-uskorennoy-rusifikaciey-strany).

            That argument is based on the mistaken belief, widespread among Russians and Western specialists on the former Soviet space that Ukrainian like Belarusian is a byproduct of Russian historical development and thus severing its ties with Russian would lead it to wither and ultimately die out.

            That is nonsense: Again like Belarusian, Ukrainian developed as a separate language from Russian but was constrained in that regard because it lacked statehood to promote that language via schools and media and because most of these institutions were dominated by the Russian language just as Ukraine and Belarus were dominated by Russia.

            And on the other hand, Russian opponents are putting forward an argument which any close examination shows will blow up in his face. A half a millennium ago, this argument runs, Poles and Russians spoke much the same language and didn’t need translators to understand one another.

            But then Poland introduced the Latin script and as a result grew away from the Russian world, the opponents say, not appearing to recognize that many Ukrainians would not object to being as independent from Moscow as Poland now is. Indeed, at least some of them will see this Russian objection as the best argument for Latinization on offer.    

               

Striking Truckers, Opposition Parties to Cooperate as Some Regional Officials Start Talks



Paul Goble

            Staunton, April 28 – As the long-haul truckers’ strike in Russia enters its second month, some of the striking truckers have reached agreements with the KPRF and Just Russia Party to organize join marches on May Day (pln-pskov.ru/politics/276065.html), and some regional governments have begun to negotiate with the strikers (7x7-journal.ru/anewsitem/94460).

            There have been five other major developments involving the strikers over the last 24 hours:

·         Officials in Tyumen, one of the centers of the job action, ordered a group of drivers to appear in court to answer various charges (kasparov.ru/material.php?id=5902056A72D43).

·         A Moscow commentator pointed out that the strike has highlighted far larger problems on Russia’s roads than just the Plato system and that the authorities must begin to examine all of these problems rather than using the strike as a blind to avoid doing so (ng.ru/ideas/2017-04-27/5_6983_cooperation.html).

·         In the North Caucasus, more drivers are reportedly arriving at strike stations than have left despite official claims to the contrary (kavkaz-uzel.eu/articles/301827/).

·         Strikers in Daghestan today are staging the demonstration they threatened if officials did not begin talking to them (kavkazr.com/a/dalnoboyshiki-dagestana-razacharovany-vlastyu/28454828.html).

·         Strikers in Volgograd say that they have been able to continue their action because of the concrete support local people have provided them (novostivolgograda.ru/news/society/28-04-2017/lager-dalnoboyschikov-do-sih-por-stoit-blagodarya-podderzhke-neravnodushnyh-cad0481e-5577-4ed4-aa49-9939d4a7bec3).

Like CPSU of Old, Putin’s United Russia Issues Slogans for May Day Parades



Paul Goble

            Staunton, April 28 – Russians and others of a certain age will recall when one of the most frequently mined sources of information about the intentions of the Kremlin in Soviet times were the slogans that the Communist Party issued in advance of the May Day holiday.  Now, Putin’s United Russia Party is doing the same thing – and perhaps the slogans will be put to similar use.

            Moscow’s independent television channel, Dozhd, says that the central executive committee of United Russia has sent a list of 36 slogans to its regional activists. The network has a copy and says that its contacts in the party have confirmed the list and said it was approved already on April 21 (tvrain.ru/news/dalnij_vostok-433521/).

            It provides the following selection:

·         “Putin is for the People. He is boldly leading Russia to success!”

·         “A strong president for a great country!”

·         “Sanctions Don’t Frighten a United Nation!”

·         “As long as we are united, we cannot be defeated!”

·         “Our children: Free. Smart. Patriotic.”

·         “The May Decrees – What has been said has been done.”

·         “For the young, work! For the elderly, concern!”

·         “The people are for a worthy minimum wage!”

·         “Bad Roads to the Dustbin of History!”

·         “Let us free teachers from paper slavery!”

·         “I will go to the Far East for my hectar of land! I will do so before I’m too old!”

The network reported that there were no slogans about the government or the prime minister, Dmitry Medvedev, although it pointed out that there was one devoted to the struggle against corruption -- “Praise for the honest; jail for the corrupt!” – which some might conclude applies.

One regional party official complained that some of the slogans weren’t specific enough for their audiences, but officials at the central office said that they had compiled the list on the basis of submissions from the regions.

All this suggests that many may once again be reading the party slogans like tea leaves about the future.